Friday, August 5, 2011

C# interview questions: - What are anonymous methods in .NET?

Anonymous Methods: - In simple words Anonymous Methods means method which
are coded inline or methods without method name.

An anonymous method uses the keyword delegate, instead of method name.

Anonymous Methods help you to avoid overhead of creating a method for simple
lines of code where you want your delegates to be pointed out.

Below is the simple code snippet without Anonymous Method.

class Program
{
delegate int PointToAddFunction(int num1, int num2);
static void Main(string[] args)
{
PointToAddFunction objAdd = Add;// Delegate pointing towards
the Add Function.Console.WriteLine(objAdd.Invoke(5,5).ToString())
;// Invoking the Add Function.
}
static int Add(int num1, int num2)// Add function with two parameter.
{
return num1 + num2;
}
}

Now, let’s how the above code snippet will look like with Anonymous Method.

class Program
{
delegate int PointToAddFunction(int num1, int num2);
static void Main(string[] args)
{
PointToAddFunction objAdd = delegate(int num1,int num2) //
Anonymous Method with block of function.
{
return num1+num2;
};
Console.WriteLine(objAdd.Invoke(5,5).ToString());// Invoking the Function.
}
}

In the above code snippet you can see that I have eliminated the Add function and just have created anonymous method with a small block of function.
Anonymous methods also help to increase performance of the code.

Let’s demonstrate a simple example to see how exactly Anonymous Method help to
increase performance.

In this example we will first create method with Named Method and see the
performance and later we will create Anonymous Method and see the performance
done by anonymous method and will later compare both the methods performance to
see which of the method’s performance is better.

Step1: - Create a new project > File > New > Project > Console
Application.





Now import using System.Diagnostics; in order to measure performance.

Now, let’s create a simple Add method which will return addition of two
numbers.

class Program
{
delegate int PointToAddFunction(int num1, int num2);
static void Main(string[] args)
{
Stopwatch objWatch = new Stopwatch();
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
{
objWatch.Reset();
objWatch.Start();
for (int j = 0; j < 1000; j++)
{
PointToAddFunction objAdd = Add;
int z = objAdd.Invoke(2, 2);
}
objWatch.Stop();
Console.WriteLine(objWatch.ElapsedTicks.ToString());
}
Console.WriteLine("Performance with named method/delegate");
Console.ReadLine();
}
static int Add(int num1, int num2)
{
return num1 + num2;
}
}
In the above code snippet I have created two for loop. The outer for loop which is having “i” variable will run the block 10 times and inner for loop which is having “j” variable will run the block till it exceeds to value 1000 and also I have created object of StopWatch to measure the performance.
Now just run your application and will see result like below output diagram.


Step2: - Now, let’s see how we can create a simple Anonymous Method like
below code snippet.

class Program
{
delegate int PointToAddFunction(int num1, int num2);
static void Main(string[] args)
{
Stopwatch objWatch = new Stopwatch();
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
{
objWatch.Reset();
objWatch.Start();
for (int j = 0; j < 1000; j++)
{
PointToAddFunction objAdd = delegate(int num1,int num2)
{
return num1 + num2;
};
int z = objAdd.Invoke(2, 2);
}
objWatch.Stop();
Console.WriteLine(objWatch.ElapsedTicks.ToString());
}
Console.WriteLine("Performance with Anonymous Method");
Console.ReadLine();
}
static int Add(int num1, int num2)
{
return num1 + num2;
}
}

Similarly, in the above code snippet I have created two for loop. The outer for loop which is having “i” variable will run the block 10 times and inner for loop which is having “j” variable will run the block till it exceeds to value 1000 and also I have created object of StopWatch to measure the performance.

Now just run the application and will see the result like below output diagram.


Now let’s compare both the result and see whose performance is better.







In above results you can clearly see that performance of Anonymous Method is
much better than the method with Method named.

You can also view the following video on anonymous methods in C#: -




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Regards,

Also visit for more author’s blog on Most asked c# interview questions

2 comments:

Rajesh Rolen said...

Gr8 Article.
You are doing noble work.

Thanks
Rajesh Kumar Rolen
www.DotNetAcademy.blogspot.com

Rajesh Rolen said...

What is reason behind performance of anonymous functions?